запись и воспроизведение музыки при помощи электричества начались в США, посему с этой страны и начнём, это примерно 1925-26 годы

2A Turntable, 701A Tonearm Bracket and  703A Drive

4A Reproducer and  1A Reproducer Arm

D-93306 Reproducer  D-93307 Arm

Western Electric, Electrical Research Products Inc.

большущая -пребольшущая компания, носящая имя изобретателя телефона Александра Белла, сильно преуспела в телефонизации, а инженеры ея подразделений - Вестерн Электрик и ERPI дали миру много всего хорошего - усилители, регуляторы громкости, громкоговорители, рупора, ну ... и первые столы - на чем-то надо было начинать  то, что потом усиливалось, регулировалось, громко-говорилось и рупорировалось ;:-).

Огромный мотор приводил во вращение как сам стол, так и лентопротяжный механизм киноустановки (у ротора мотора два выходных вала). На столе воспроизводились пластинки с музыкой и звуками к фильмам.


Вот мануал к системе синхронного воспроизведения звука (мотор крутит и стол и лентопротяг). Были и несинхронное воспроизведение - пластинку крутили от своего мотора.





Извините пож-та те, кто не читает по английски - нет времени перевести

Here is a little history gathered from the web..... "

Fidelity electronic recording and amplification – Beginning in 1922, the research branch of AT&T's Western Electric manufacturing division began working intensively on recording technology for both sound-on-disc and sound-on film.
In 1925, the company publicly introduced a greatly improved system of electronic audio, including sensitive condenser microphones and rubber-line recorders.
That May, the company licensed entrepreneur Walter J. Rich to exploit the system for commercial motion pictures; he founded Vitagraph, which Warner Bros. acquired a half interest in just one month later.
In April 1926, Warners signed a contract with AT&T for exclusive use of its film sound technology for the redubbed Vitaphone operation, leading to the production of Don Juan and its accompanying shorts over the following months.
During the period when Vitaphone had exclusive access to the patents, the fidelity of recordings made for Warners films was markedly superior to those made for the company's sound-on-film competitors.
Meanwhile, Bell Labs—the new name for the AT&T research operation—was working at a furious pace on sophisticated sound amplification technology that would allow recordings to be played back over loudspeakers at theater-filling volume.
The new moving-coil speaker system was installed in New York's Warners Theatre at the end of July and its patent submission, for what Western Electric called the No. 555 Receiver, was filed on August 4, just two days before the premiere of Don Juan.

Late in the year, AT&T/Western Electric created a licensing division, Electrical Research Products Inc. (ERPI), to handle rights to the company's film-related audio technology.
Vitaphone still had legal exclusivity, but having lapsed in its royalty payments, effective control of the rights was in ERPI's hands.
On December 31, 1926, Warners granted Fox-Case a sublicense for the use of the Western Electric system in exchange for a share of revenues that would go directly to ERPI.
The patents of all three concerns were cross-licensed.
Superior recording and amplification technology was now available to two Hollywood studios, pursuing two very different methods of sound reproduction.
The new year would finally see the emergence of sound cinema as a significant commercial medium."

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